Vhembe, situated in the north-east of Limpopo, which includes the northern part of the Kruger National Park; the Makuleke Wetland, which is protected under the Ramsar Convention; the Soutpansberg and Blouberg biodiversity hot spots; and the Makgabeng Plateau, which boasts hundreds of rock-art sites.
The 100 000-ha Kogelberg Reserve on the country’s southern coast is in the middle of the Cape Floral Region and home to 1 880 different plant species, 77 of which are found only in this region.
The Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve starts in Cape Town in the southern suburb of Diep River and stretches up the west coast as far as the Berg River, encompassing parts of the Cape Floral Region. The reserve includes the Ramsar-protected Langebaan Lagoon as well as Dassen Island, which is home to a penguin colony. The Koeberg Nuclear Power Station falls within its boundaries.
The Cape Winelands Biosphere Reserve includes a part of the Cape Floral Region, as well as the wine-growing region. The historic settler-founded towns of Stellenbosch, Paarl and Franschhoek lie here.
In the north is the Waterberg Biosphere Reserve, an area of some 400 000 ha in Limpopo. It is an important catchment area for the Limpopo Basin, with four large rivers originating within its borders – the Lephalale, Mokolo, Matlabas and Magalakwena rivers. San rock art abounds, as does the flora and fauna of the area.
The Kruger-to-Canyons Biosphere Reserve stretches from the Kruger National Park to the Blyde River Canyon. It is an important conservation area as it covers three biomes.The two additions in June 2015 bring to total of Biosphere Reserves in South Africa to eight.
The Gouritz Cluster Biosphere Reserve straddles the Eastern and Western Cape Provinces and spans 3 million hectares. The reserve is the convergence of three biodiversity hotspots - the Fynbos, Succulent Karoo and Maputoland-Tongoland-Albany hotspots.
The Magaliesberg Biosphere Reserve is about 360 000 hectares, including the archaeologically significant Cradle of Humankind. The region is endowed with scenic beauty, unique natural features, rich cultural heritage value and rich biodiversity, including 45% of the total bird species of Southern Africa.