The UNESCO "Man and the Biosphere" (MAB) Programme convened for the first time in 1971 and laid the foundations for a new type of conservation area - biosphere reserves. It declared the harmonious development of man and nature to be its key goal. Biosphere reserves represent a global network of model regions in which sustainable forms of use and options for adaptation to changing ecological, economic and social conditions can be tested, involving all stakeholder.
The engagement with and contribution of stakeholders in the establishment and on-going functioning of the Biosphere is therefore central. The activities, resources and wellbeing of all stakeholders are already tied up with the region. Through the structures the MAB Programme introduces, there is the opportunity to shape and collectively enhance the manner in which development of man and nature takes place.
The MAB Programme met in June 2011 to discuss the role of a global network of more than 560 biospheres in more than 100 countries, specifically on climate change mitigation and adaptation.
The MAB Programme has research as a central component, and has pursued innovative approaches in the real-world models (the biospheres). These approaches go far beyond nature conservation and are viable models for a sustainable way of life.
In the domains of sustainable land use, green economies, safeguarding ecosystem services, energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy, biospheres are effective instruments.
The Dreden Declaration which resulted from the June gathering, makes recommendations.
Download the original document: Dresden Declaration on Biosphere Reserves and Climate Change, 28 June 2011