Latest revised edition 2019 – With Photographs for Easier Identification
The most up to date, accurate user guide to Alien Invasive Plant Species in South Africa.

Many thanks to the people contributing missing photos and corrected photos, we greatly appreciate your time and efforts in helping us turn this into a very useful and now well used resource by many thousands of people.

PLEASE CONTRIBUTE ANY CORRECTIONS, ADDITONAL PHOTOS, CORRECTED PHOTOS AND ANY OTHER ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TO enviroadmin@environment.co.za

Last Updated 2019-02-13 with latest NEMBA classifications in accordance with the NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: BIODIVERSITY ACT, 2004 (ACT NO. 10 OF 2004) ALIEN AND INVASIVE SPECIES LISTS, 2016

Category 1a (PROHIBITED) : Listed Invasive Species

A person in control of a Category 1a Listed Invasive Species must comply with the provisions of section 73(2) of the Act; immediately take steps to combat or eradicate listed invasive species in compliance with sections 75(1), (2) and (3) of the Act; and allow an authorised official from the Department to enter onto land to monitor, assist with or implement the combatting or eradication of the listed invasive species.

Category 1b (PROHIBITED / Exempted if in Possession or Under control) : Listed Invasive Species

A person in control of a Category 1 b Listed Invasive Species must control the listed invasive species in compliance with sections 75(1), (2) and (3) of the Act. A person contemplated in sub-regulation (2) must allow an authorised official from the Department to enter onto the land to monitor, assist with or implement the control of the listed invasive species, or compliance with the Invasive Species Management Programme contemplated in section 75(4) of the Act.

Category 2 (PERMIT REQUIRED): Listed Invasive Species

Category 2 Listed Invasive Species are those species listed by notice in terms of section 70(1)(a) of the Act as species which require a permit to carry out a restricted activity within an area specified in the Notice or an area specified in the permit, as the case may be. A landowner on whose land a Category 2 Listed Invasive Species occurs or person in possession of a permit, must ensure that the specimens of the species do not spread outside of the land or the area specified in the Notice or permit. Unless otherwise specified in the Notice, any species listed as a Category 2 Listed Invasive Species that occurs outside the specified area contemplated in sub-regulation (1), must, for purposes of these regulations, be considered to be a Category 1 b Listed Invasive Species and must be managed according to Regulation 3. Notwithstanding the specific exemptions relating to existing plantations in respect of Listed Invasive Plant Species published in Government Gazette No. 37886, Notice 599 of 1 August 2014 (as amended), any person or organ of state must ensure that the specimens of such Listed Invasive Plant Species do not spread outside of the land over which they have control.

Category 3 (PROHIBITED): Listed Invasive Species

Category 3 Listed Invasive Species are species that are listed by notice in terms of section 70(1)(a) of the Act, as species which are subject to exemptions in terms of section 71(3) and prohibitions in terms of section 71A of the Act, as specified in the Notice. Any plant species identified as a Category 3 Listed Invasive Species that occurs in riparian areas, must, for the purposes of these regulations, be considered to be a Category 1b Listed Invasive Species and must be managed according to regulation 3.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Readers are not be confused by the listings of Acacia species of trees as invaders. All Acacia’s listed on the Alien Invasive Plant List are all Australian species of Wattle. All African Acacia’s were renamed from Acacia to either Vachellia or Senegalia. For instance our common Acacia karoo is is now called Vachellia karoo. No indigenous Vachellia / Senegalia tree (prev. Acacia) are invasive in any way.

NOTICE 3:

NOTICE3: NATIONAL LIST OF INVASIVE SPECIES IN TERMS SECTIONS 70(1), 71(3) and 71A

Acacia adunca A.Cunn. ex G.Don Cascade Wattle, Wallaranga Wattle 1a
Acacia cyclops A.Cunn. ex G.Don Red Eye, Rooikrans 1b acacia_cyclops_seeds
Acacia dealbata Silver wattle 2 Acacia_dealbata-flowers-foliage
Acacia decurrens Willd, and hybrids, varieties and selections Green wattle 1b Acacia-decurrens-floweringAcacia-decurrens-seeds
Acacia elata A.Cunn. ex Benth (Acacia terminalis (Salisb.) misapplied in South Africa) Pepper tree wattle 1b Acacia elata
Acacia implexa Benth. Screw pod wattle 1a Acacia implexa
Acacia longifolia (Andrews) Willd. Long-leaved wattle 1b Acacia longifolia
Acacia mearnsii De Wild. and hybrids, varieties and selections Black wattle 2 Acacia mearnsii
Acacia melanoxylon R.Br. and hybrids, varieties and selections Australian blackwood 2 Acacia_melanoxylon_SeedsAcacia melanoxylon

Acacia-melanoxylon-foliage-Seeds

Acacia paradoxa DC. (= A. armata R.Br.) Kangaroo Thorn, Kangaroo wattle 1a Acacia paradoxa Acacia paradoxa
Acacia podalyriifolia A.Cunn. ex G.Don Pearl acacia 1b Acacia podalyriifolia
Acacia pycnantha Benth. Golden wattle 1b Acacia pycnantha Acacia pycnantha
Acacia saligna (Labill.) H.L.Wendl. Port Jackson Willow 1b Acacia saligna Acacia saligna
Acacia stricta (Andrews) Willd. Hop Wattle 1a
Acer buergerianum Miq. Chinese Maple a) Category 3 Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Capeb) Not listed in urban areas in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

Agave americana L. subsp. americana var. expansa (Jacobi) Gentry Spreading Century Plant a) Category 3 in Western Capeb) Not listed elsewhere. Agave sisalana Agave sisalana
Agave sisalana Perrine Sisal hemp, Sisal 2 Agave sisalana Agave sisalana
Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M.King & H.Rob (= Euphatorium adenophorum Spreng.) Crofton weed 1b Ageratina adenophora Ageratina adenophora
Ageratina riparia (Regel) R.M.King & H.Rob (= Euphatorium riparium Regel) Mistflower 1b Ageratina riparia
Ageratum conyzoides L. Invading ageratum 1b Ageratum conyzoides
Ageratum houstonianum Mill. Mexican ageratum a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Ageratum houstonianum
Agrimonia procera Wallr. (= A. odorata Mill.) Scented agrimony 1b Agrimony (Agrimonia procera / bracteata ) Umngeni Nature Reserve Agrimony (Agrimonia procera / bracteata ) Umngeni Nature Reserve Agrimony (Agrimonia procera / bracteata ) Umngeni Nature Reserve Agrimony (Agrimonia procera / bracteata ) Umngeni Nature Reserve Agrimony (Agrimonia procera / bracteata ) Umngeni Nature Reserve
Agrostis castellana Boiss. & Reut. Bent Grass a) 1a Prince Edward Islandb) 1b Marion Island

c) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.

Agrostis gigantea Roth Black Bent Grass, Redtop a) 1a Prince Edward Islandb) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Agrostis stolonifera L. Creeping Bent Grass a) 1a Prince Edward Islandb) 1b Marion Island

c) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.

Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle Tree-of-heaven 1b Ailanthus altissima Ailanthus altissima
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Lebbeck tree 1b Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck
Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. False lebbeck 1b Albizia procera
Alhagi maurorum Medik. (= A. camelorum Fisch.) Camel thorn bush 1b Alhagi maurorum
Alisma plantago-aquatica L. Mud Plantain, Water Alisma 1b
Alopecurus geniculatus L. (= A. australis Nees) Marsh Foxtail, Water Foxtail a) 1a Prince Edward and Marion Islandsb) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm. (= A. speciosa (J.C.Wendl.) Schum.) Shell Ginger, Pink Porcelain Lily 3
Amophilla arenaria (L.) Link Marram Grass 3
Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis (A. baselloides misapplied in South Africa) Madeira vine, Bridal Wreath 1b Anredera cordifolia Anredera cordifolia
Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Am. Coral Creeper 1b
Araujia sericifera Brot. Moth Catcher 1b Araujia sericifera Araujia sericifera
Ardisia crenata Sims (Ardisia crispa misapplied in South Africa) Coralberry tree, Coral bush 1b Ardisia crenata
Ardisia elliptica Thunb. (= A. humilis Vahl) Shoebutton Ardisia 1b Ardisia crenata
Argemone mexicana L. Yellow-flowered Mexican poppy 1b Argemone mexicana
Argemone ochroleuca Sweet White-flowered Mexican poppy 1b Argemone ochroleuca
Aristolochea elegans Mast. Dutchmans’ Pipe 1b
Arundo donax L. Giant reed, Spanish reed 1b Arundo donax
Atriplex inflata f.Muell. (= A. lindleyi Moq. subsp. inflata (F.Muell.) Paul G.Wilson) Sponge – fruit saltbush 1b atriplex lindleyi
Atriplex nummularia Lindl. subsp. Nummularia Old man saltbush 2 Atriplex nummularia
Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica (Juss. ex Lam.) Backeberg. Cane Cactus 1a
Austrocylindropuntia subulata (Muehlenpf.) Backeb. subsp. exaltata (A.Berger) D.R.Hunt (= Opuntia exaltata A.Berger) Long Spine Cactus 1b
Azolla cristata Kaulf. (= A. microphylla Kaulf.) Tropical Red water fern 1b Azolla filiculoides
Azolla filiculoides Lam. Azolla, Red water fern 1b Azolla filiculoides
Azolla pinnata R.Br. subsp. asiatica R.M.K.Saunders & K.Fowler (= A. imbricata (Roxb. ex Griff.) Nakai) Mosquito fern 1b
Bartlettina sordida (Less.) R.M. King & H.Rob. (= = Eupatorium atrorubens (Lem.) G.Nicholson, E. sordidum Less.) Bartlettina 1b
Bauhinia purpurea L. Butterfly orchid tree a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape. Bauhinia purpurea
Bauhinia variegata L. Orchid tree a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape. Bauhinia variegata Bauhinia variegata
Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese barberry a) 3.b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Billardiera heterophylla (Lindl.) L.W.Cayzer & Crisp (= Sollya heterophylla Lindl.) Bluebell creeper 1a
Bryophyllum delagoense (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Schinz (= B. tubiflorum Harv., Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harv.) Raym.-Hamet, K. delagoensis Eckl. & Zeyh.) Chandelier plant 1b Bryophyllum delagoense Bryophyllum delagoense
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken Cathedral bells 1b
Bryophyllum proliferum Bowie ex Hook. (= Kalanchoe prolifera (Bowie) Raym.- Hamet) Green mother of millions 1b
Buddleja davidii Franch. Chinese sagewood, Summer lilac a) 3b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Buddleja madagascariensis Lam. Madagascar sagewood 3
Cabomba caroliniana A.Gray Cabomba, Carolina fanwort 1a
Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston (= C. sepiaria Roxb.) Mauritius thorn 1b Caesalpinia decapetala Caesalpinia decapetala
Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook.) D.Dietr. Bird-of-paradise flower 1b
Callisia repens (Jacq.) L. Creeping inch plant 1b
Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels (= Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours.) Lemon bottlebrush 3
Callistemon rigidus R.Br. Stiff-leaved bottlebrush a) 1b in Eastern Cape and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Northern Cape.
Callistemon viminalis (Sol. ex Gaertn.) G.Don Weeping bottlebrush a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton Calotropis, Giant- milkweed 1b
Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Less.) DC. (= Eupatorium macrocephalum Less.) Pom pom weed 1b Eupatorium (Campuloclinium) macrocephalum
Canna indica L. Indian shot a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Canna indica
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw. Balloon vine 1b Cardiospermum grandiflorum
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Lesser balloon vine 3
Carduus nutans L. (= C. macrocephalus Desf.) Nodding thistle 1b
Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Beefwood a) 2b) 1b within 100 metres of riparian areas or untransformed land. Casuarina cunninghamiana Casuarina cunninghamiana
Casuarina equisetifolia L. Horsetail tree 2 Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarina equisetifolia
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don Madagascar periwinkle a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Celtis australis L. Nettle tree, European hackberry 3
Celtis occidentalis L. Common hackberry 3
Centranthus ruber (L.) DC. Red valerian, Devil’s beard a) 1b in Western Capeb) Not listed elsewhere.
Cerastium fontanum Baumg. Common mouse-ear chickweed a) 1b Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Cereus hexagonus (L.) Mill. Queen of the night 1b
Cereus hildmannianus K. Schum.(= C. peruvianus auct. pl., C. uruguayanus R.Kiesling) Queen of the night 1b
Cereus jamacaru DC. Queen of the Night 1b Cereus jamacaru Cereus jamacaru
Cestrum aurantiacum Lindl. Yellow or Orange cestrum 1b Cestrum aurantiacum
Cestrum elegans (Brongn.) Schltdl. (= C. purpureum (Lindl.) standl.) Crimson cestrum 1b Cestrum elegans
Cestrum laevigatum Schltdl. Inkberry 1b Cestrum laevgatum Schtdl
Cestrum parqui L’Hér. Chilean cestrum 1b Cestrum parqui
Cestrum species not specifically listed. Cestrum species a) 3b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Chondrilla juncea L. Skeleton weed 1a
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob. (= Eupatorium odoratum L.) Triffid weed, Chromolaena 1b Chromolaena odorata Chromolaena odorata
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.Presl Camphor tree a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Western Cape.

c) National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms . of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999, (Act No. 25 of
1999) in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and the Western Cape, are not listed.

Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (= C. lanceolatum (L.) Scop.) Spear thistle, Scotch thistle 1b Cirsium vulgare
Convolvulus arvensis L. Field bindweed, Wild morning glory 1b Convolvulus arvensis
Coreopsis lanceolata L. Tickseed a) 1ab) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Coreopsis-lanceolata

Coreopsis-tinctoria-01
Coreopsis tinctoria (not listed) but seen in the wild in Howick Area of Kwazulu-Natal. Keep a watch on this one.
Coreopsis-tinctoria
Coreopsis tinctoria (not listed) but seen in the wild in Howick Area of Kwazulu-Natal. Keep a watch on this one.
Cortaderia jubata (Lemoine ex Carrière) Stapf Pampas grass 1b Cortaderia jubata
Cortaderia selloana (Schult.) Asch. & Graebn. Pampas grass a_ 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Cortaderia selloana
Cotoneaster franchetii Bois Cotoneaster 1b Cotoneaster franchetii
Cotoneaster glaucophyllus Franch. Late cotoneaster 1b
Cotoneaster pannosus Franch. Silver-leaf cotoneaster 1b Cotoneaster pannosus Cotoneaster pannosus
Cotoneaster salicifolius Franch. Willow-leaved showberry 1b
Cotoneaster simonsii Baker Himalayan cotoneaster, Simon’s cotoneaster 1b
Crotalaria agatiflora Schweinf. Canarybird bush, Bird flower 1b Crotalaria-agatiflora-subsp-imperialis-flowers Crotalaria-agatiflora-subsp-imperialis-plant Crotalaria-agatiflora-subsp-imperialis
Cryptostegia grandiflora R.Br. Rubber vine 1b
Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne. Madagascar rubber vine 1b
Cuscuta campestris Yunck. Common dodder 1b Cuscuta campestris
Cuscuta suaveolens Ser. Lucerne dodder 1b Cuscuta suaveolensSend us additional or corrected photos
Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth var. fulgida (= Opuntia fulgida Engelm.) (O. rosea DC. misapplied in South Africa). Chain-fruit cholla (previously known as rosea cactus) 1b
Cylindropuntia fulgida (Engelm.) F.M.Knuth var. mamillata (Schott ex Engelm.) Backeb. Boxing-glove cactus, Mamillate cactus 1b Boxing glove cactus (Cylindropuntia fulgida var mammilata)Boxing glove cactus (Cylindropuntia fulgida var mammilata)

Boxing glove cactus (Cylindropuntia fulgida var mammilata)

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M.Knuth (= Opuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC. Imbricate cactus, Imbricate prickly pear 1b Cylindropuntia-imbricata Cylindropuntia-imbricata
Cylindropuntia leptocaulis (DC.) F.M.Knuth Pencil cactus 1b
Cylindropuntia pallida (Rose) F.M.Knuth Pink-flowered sheathed cholla 1a
Cylindropuntia spinosior (Englem.) F.M.Knuth Cane cholla, Spiny cholla 1a
Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link (= Genista scoparia (L.) Lam.) Scotch broom 1a Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius
Datura ferox L. Large thorn apple / malpittetoxic invasive plants south africa 1b Datura ferox
Datura innoxia Mill. Downy thorn apple / malpittetoxic invasive plants south africa 1b Datura innoxia Datura innoxia
Datura stramonium L. Common thorn apple / malpittetoxic invasive plants south africa 1b Datura stramonium Datura stramonium
Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.Jeffrey. Lollipop-climber 1a
Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L. G. Lohmann (= Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H.Gentry Cat’s claw creeper 1b Macfadyena unguis-cati
Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke Wild strawberry 1b Duchesnea-indica-Mock-strawberry-01Duchesnea-indica-Mock-strawberry-01
Duranta erecta L. (= D. repens L., D. plumieri Jacq.) Forget-me-not-tree, Pigeon berry a) 3 in Gauteng, Kwazulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West.b) 2 for breeding in nurseries in Gauteng, Kwazulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West, but may not be transferred within these Provincial boundaries.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

d) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

e) “Sheena’s Gold” cultivar is not listed.

Echinodorus cordifolius (L.) Griseb. Creeping burhead 1b
Echinodorus tenellus (Mart. ex Schult.f.) Buchenau Amazon sword plant 1b
Echinopsis schickendantzii F.A.C.Weber (= E. spachiana (Lem.) Friedrich & G.D.Rowley Torch cactus 1b Echinopsis Soehrensia spachiana
Echium plantagineum L. (= E. lycopsis L.) Patterson’s curse 1b Echium plantagineum
Echium vulgare L. Blue echium 1b Echium vulgare
Egeria densa Planch. (= Elodea densa (Planch.) Casp.) Dense water weed 1b Egeria densa
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Water hyacinth 1b Eichhornia crassipes Eichhornia crassipes
Elodea canadensis Michx. Canadian water weed 1b Elodea canadensis Elodea canadensis
Elytrigia repens (L.) Desv. ex Nevski (= Agropyron repens (L.) P. Beauv., Elymus repens (L.) Gould) Couch grass a) 1a Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Equisetum hyemale L. Rough horsetail, Common scouring-rush 1a
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Loquat a) 1b in Western Cape and Forest biome.b) Not listed in urban areas in Western Cape.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

d) The fruit of the loquat is not listed if used for human consumption.

Eriobotrya japonica Eriobotrya japonica
Eucalyptus and Water Use in South Africa Forestry Article Eucalyptus and Water Use in South Africa
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. and hybrids, varieties and selections Red river gum a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Eucalyptus camaldulensis
Eucalyptus cladocalyx F.Muell. and hybrids, varieties and selections Sugar gum a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Eucalyptus cladocalyx
Eucalyptus conferruminata D.J.Carr & S.G.M.Carr and hybrids, varieties and selections (E. lehmannii misapplied in South Africa) Spider Gum a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus lehmannii Eucalyptus lehmannii
Eucalyptus diversicolor F.Muell. and hybrids, varieties and selections Karri a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus grandis W.Hill ex Maiden (E. saligna Sm. in part) and hybrids, varieties and selections Saligna gum, Rose gum a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. and hybrids, varieties and selections Forest red gum a) Category 1b within-
(i) riparian areas;
(ii) a Protected Area declared in terms of the Protected Areas Act; or,
(iii) within a Listed Ecosystem or an ecosystem identified for conservation in terms of a Bioregional Plan or Biodiversity Management Plans published under the Act.b) Not listed within Nama-Karoo, Succulent Karoo and Desert biomes, excluding within any area mentioned in (a) above.c) Category 1b in Fynbos, Grassland, Savanna, Albany Thicket, Forest and Indian Ocean Coastal Belt biomes, but-
(i) Category 2 for plantations, woodlots, bee-forage areas, wind-rows and the lining of avenues.
(ii) Not listed within cultivated land that is at least 50 metres away from untransformed land, but excluding within any area in (a) above.
(iii) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm, but excluding in (a) above.
(iv) Not listed in urban areas for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, but excluding in (a) above.
Eucalyptus saligna
Eugenia uniflora L. Pitanga, Surinam cherry 1b Eugenia uniflora Eugenia uniflora
Euphorbia esula L. (= E. xpseudovirgata (Schur) Soó, E. tommasiniana Bertol., E. virgata Waldst. & Kit.) Leafy spurge 1a
Euphorbia leucocephala Lotsy White poinsettia 1b
Fallopia sachalinensis (F.Schmidt) Ronse Decr. (= Polygonum sachalinense F.Schmidt, Reynoutria sachalinensis (F.Schmidt) Nakai Giant knotweed 1a
Festuca rubra L. Creeping red fescue a) 1a Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze Smelter’s-bush 1b
Fraxinus americana L. American ash a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl Algerian ash a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. Mauritian hemp 1a
Genista monspessulana (L.) L.A.S.Johnson (= Cytisus monspessulanus L., C. candicans (L.) DC.) Montpellier broom 1a
Gleditsia triacanthos L. Honey locust, Sweet locust a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Gleditsia triacanthos Gleditsia triacanthos
Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb. (= Poa aquatica L., Glyceria aquatica (L.) Wahlb.) Reed meadow grass, Reed sweet grass a) 1b in Protected Areas and wetlands.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Grevillea robusta A.Cunn. ex R.Br. Australian silky oak 3 Grevillea robusta Grevillea robusta
Grevillea rosmarinifolia A.Cunn. Rosemary grevillea 3
Hakea drupacea (C.F.Gaertn.) Roem. & Schult. (= H. suaveolens R.Br.) Sweet hakea 1b Hakea drupacea
Hakea gibbosa (Sm.) Cav. Rock hakea 1b Hakea gibbosa
Hakea salicifolia (Vent.) B.L.Burtt Willow hakea a) 1b in Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Hakea sericea Schrad. & J.C.Wendl. Silky hakea 1b Hakea sericea
Harrisia balansae (K.Schum.) N.P.Taylor & Zappi Strangler prickly apple 1a
Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton (= Eriocereus martinii (Labour.) Riccob.) Moon cactus, Harrisia cactus 1b Harrisia martiniiHarrisia-martinii-fruit Harrisia-martinii-flower
Harrisia pomanensis (F.A.C.Weber) Britton & Rose Midnight lady, Devil’s rope cactus 1a
Harrisia tortuosa (J.Forbes ex Otto & A.Dietr.) Britton & Rose Spiny snake cactus 1b
Hedera canariensis Willd. (= Hedera helix L. subsp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.) Canary ivy, Madeira ivy, Algerian ivy a) 3b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Hedera helix L. (= Hedera helix L. subsp. helix) English ivy a) 3b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Hedychium coccineum Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Red ginger lily 1b Hedychium coccineum
Hedychium coronarium J.König White ginger lily 1b Hedychium coronarium
Hedychium flavescens Carey ex Roscoe Yellow ginger lily 1b Hedychium flavescens
Hedychium gardnerianum Sheppard ex Ker Gawl. Kahili ginger lily 1b Hedychium gardnerianum
Homalanthus populifolius Graham Bleeding-heart tree 1b
Houttuynia cordata Thunb. Chameleon plant 3
Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle Hydrilla 1a
Hydrocleys nymphoides (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Buchenau Water poppy 1a
Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose Night-blooming cereus, Dragon fruit, Pitahaya a) 2b) The fruit of night-blooming cactus is not listed if used for human consumption.
Hypericum androsaemum L. Tutsan 1b
Hypericum perforatum L. St.Johns’ wort, Tipton weed 2 Hypericum perforatum
Ipomoea alba L. Moonflowertoxic invasive plants south africa 1b Ipomoea alba
Ipomoea carnea Jacq. subsp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D.F.Austin (= I. fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy) Morning-glory bushtoxic invasive plants south africa 1b
Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr. (= I. congesta R.Br.) Morning glorytoxic invasive plants south africa a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Ipomoea indica
Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Morning glorytoxic invasive plants south africa a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed Ipomoea purpurea
Iris pseudacorus L. Yellow flagtoxic invasive plants south africa 1a Yellow Flag (Iris pseudacorus) Yellow Flag (Iris pseudacorus) Yellow Flag (Iris pseudacorus)
Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don Jacaranda a) 1b in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West.b) Not listed for urban areas in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West.

c) Not listed within 50 metres of the main house on a farm in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West, for trees with a diameter of more than 400 mm at 1000 mm height at the time of publishing of this Notice, provided such tress are located outside riparian areas.

d) Not listed elsewhere.

Jacaranda mimosifolia
Jatropha curcas L. Physic nut 2
Jatropha gossypiifolia L. Cotton-leaf physic nut 1b
Juniperus virginiana L. Red cedar a) 3 in Eastern Cape and Free State.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Kunzea ericoides (A.Rich.) Joy Thomps. (= Leptospermum ericoides A. Rich.) Burgan, White teatree 1a
All seed producing species or seed producing hybrids of Lantana that are non-indigenous to Africa Lantana/Lantana, Tickberry, Cherry Pie 1b
Lantana camara
Lantana camara
Lepidium draba L. (= Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.) Pepper – cres, Hoary cardaria, White top 1b Lepidium_apetalum Lepidium_appelianum
Leptospermum laevigatum (Gaertn.) F.Muell. Australian myrtle 1b Leptospermum laevigatum
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit (= L. glauca Benth.) Leucaena 2 Leucaena leucocephala Leucaena leucocephala
Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Japanese wax – leaved privet a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng and Northern Cape. Ligustrum japonicum
Ligustrum lucidum W.T.Aiton Chinese wax – leaved privet a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng and Northern Cape.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Ligustrum lucidum
Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Californian privet a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng and Northern Cape.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Ligustrum ovalifolium
Ligustrum sinense Lour. Chinese privet a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng and Northern Cape. Ligustrum sinense
Ligustrum vulgare L. Common privet a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng and Northern Cape. Ligustrum vulgare
Lilium formosanum Wallace (= L. longiflorum Thunb. var. formosanum Baker) St Joseph’s lily, Trumpet lily, Formosa lily 1b Lilium formosanum
Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill. Statice, Sea lavender a) 1b in Northern Cape and Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere. c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. (= Antirrhinum dalmaticum L., Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm. Dalmatian toadflax, Broadleaf toadflax 1b
Linaria vulgaris Mill. Common toadflax, Butter- and-eggs 1b
Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Rob. (= Litsea sebifera Pers.) Indian laurel 1b Litsea glutinosa Litsea glutinosa
Lonicera japonica Thunb. ‘Halliana’ Japanese or Hall’s honeysuckle 3
Ludwigia peruviana (L.) H. Hara Water-primrose, Peruvian primrosebush 1a
Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej. Woodrush a) 1a Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Lythrum hyssopifolia L. Hyssop loosestrife 1b.
Lythrum salicaria L. Purple loosestrife 1a Lyrthrum salicaria
Malva dendromorpha M.F.Ray (= Lavatera arborea L.) Tree mallow 1b
Malva verticillata L. Mallow 1b
Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke Prickly malvastrum 1b
Marsilea mutica Mett. Nardoo, Australian water- clover 1a
Melaleuca hypericifolia Sm. Red-flowering tea tree 1a
Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake Bottle brush tree, Broadleaf paperbark tree a) 1bb) National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999, (Act No. 25 of 1999), are not listed.
Melia azedarach L. “Syringa”, Persian lilactoxic invasive plants south africa a) 1bb) 3 in urban areas. Melia azedarach
Metrosideros excelsa Sol. ex Gaertn. (= M. tomentosa A.Rich.) New Zealand christmas tree a) 1a in the Overstrand District.b) Not listed elsewhere.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Metrosideros excelsa
Mimosa pigra L. Giant sensitive plant 1b Mimosa pigra
Mirabilis jalapa L. Four-o’clock, Marvel-of -Peru 1b Four-o'clocks (Mirabilis jalapa) Four-o'clocks (Mirabilis jalapa)
Montanoa hibiscifolia Benth. Tree daisy 1b Montanoa hibiscifolia
Morus alba L. White mulberry, Common mulberry a) 3b) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

c) The fruit of the white mulberry is not listed if used for human consumption.

Morus alba
Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack. (= M. exotica L.) Orange Jessamine a) 1b in KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 2 for breeding in nurseries in KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, but may not be transferred within these Provincial boundaries.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

d) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Myoporum insulare R.Br. Manatoka, Boobyalla 3
Myoporum laetum G.Forst. New Zealand manatoka 3
Myoporum montanum R.Br. (= Myoporum tenuifolium G.Forst.) Manatoka 3 Myoporum tenuifolium
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. Parrot’s feather 1b Myriophylum aquaticum
Myriophyllum spicatum L. Spiked water – milfoil 1b Myriophyllum_spicatum_Potamogeton_pectinatus
Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Mart.) Console Bilberry cactus 1a
Nassella tenuissima (Trin.) Barkworth (= Stipa tenuissima Trin.) White tussock 1b Nassella tenuissima
Nassella trichotoma (Nees) Hack. ex Arechav. (= Stipa trichotoma Nees) Nassella tussock 1b Nassella trichotoma Nassella trichotoma
Nasturtium officinale R.Br. (= Rorippa nasturtium- aquaticum (L.) Hayek) Watercress 2
Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C.Presl (= Polypodium cordifolium L.) Erect sword fern, Ladder sword fern a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West and Northern Cape.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Nephrolepis exaltata
Nephrolepis exaltata (L.) Schott (= Polypodium exaltatum L.) Sword fern, Boston sword fern a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West and Northern Cape.

c) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.

Nephrolepis exaltata
Nerium oleander L. Oleandertoxic invasive plants south africa a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Nerium oleander Nerium oleander
Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. Apple-of-Peru 1b Nicandra physalodesNicandra physalodes
Nicotiana glauca Graham Wild tobaccotoxic invasive plants south africa 1b Nicotiana glauca
Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. (= N. minor Dumort., N. sericea Láng, N. spathulifera Rchb., N. tenella Rchb., Nymphaea lutea L., N. umbilicalis Salisb., Nymphozanthus luteus (L.) Fernald, N. sericeus (Láng) Fernald, N. vulgaris Rich.) Yellow water-lily 1a
Nymphaea mexicana Zucc. Yellow water lilies 1b
Nymphoides peltata (S.G.Gmel.) Kuntze (= Limnanthemum peltatum S.G.Gmel.) Gringed waterlily, Yellow floating-heart 1a
Oenothera sinuosa W.L.Wagner & Hoch (= Gaura sinuata Nutt. ex Ser.) Wavy-leaf gaura 3
Opuntia aurantiaca Lindl. Jointed cactus 1b Opuntia aurantiaca
Opuntia elata Link & Otto ex Salm-Dyck Orange tuna 1b opuntia-elata opuntia-elata opuntia-elata
Opuntia engelmannii Salm-Dyck ex Engelm. (= O. lindheimeri Engelm., O. tardospina Griffiths) Small round-leaved prickly pear 1b
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (= O. megacantha Salm-Dyck) Mission prickly pear, Sweet prickly pear a) 1bb) Spineless cactus pear cultivars and selections are not listed.

c) The fruit of the sweet prickly pear is not listed if used for human consumption.

Opuntia ficus indica
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. (O. compressa misapplied in South Africa) Large flowered prickly pear, Creeping prickly pear 1b Opuntia humifusa Opuntia humifusa
Opuntia leucotricha DC. Aaron’s-beard prickly-pear 1b
Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) Pfeiff. Yellow bunny-ears, Teddy- bear cactus 1b
Opuntia monacantha Haw. (O. vulgaris misapplied in South Africa) Cochineal prickly pear, Drooping prickly pear 1b Opuntia monacantha
Opuntia pubescens J.C.Wendl. ex Pfeiff. (= O. pestifer Britton & Rose) Velvet bur cactus 1a
Opuntia robusta H.L.Wendl. ex Pfeiff. Blue-leaf cactus a) 1ab) Spineless cultivars and selections are not listed.
Opuntia salmiana J. Parm. ex Pfeiff. Bur cactus 1a
Opuntia spinulifera Salm-Dyck Saucepan cactus, Large roundleaved prickly pear 1b
Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. var. stricta and var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D.Benson (= O. dillenii (Ker Gawl.)Haw.) Pest pear of Australia 1b Opuntia strictaOpuntia-stricta-habitatOpuntia-stricta-flowers
Opuntia tomentosa Salm-Dyck Velvet opuntia, Velvet tree- pear 1b
Orobanche minor Sm. Lesser broomrape, Clover broomrape 1b Orobanche minor
Orobanche ramosa L. Blue broomrape, Branched broomrape 1b
Paraserianthes lophantha (Willd.) I.C.Nielsen (= Albizia lophantha (Willd.) Benth.) Austalian Albizia, Stink bean 1b Paraserianthes lophantha Paraserianthes lophantha
Parkinsonia aculeata L. Jerusalem thorn 1b
Parthenium hysterophorus L. Famine weed 1b Parthenium hysterophorus
Paspalum quadrifarium Lam. Tussock paspalum 1a
Passiflora caerulea L. Blue passion flower 1b Passiflora caerulea
Passiflora edulis Sims Purple granadilla, Passion fruit a) 2 in Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North-West.b) Not listed in urban areas in Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu- Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo and North-West.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

d) The fruit of the purple granadilla is not listed if used for human consumption.

Passiflora tripartita (Juss.) Poir. var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niels. & P.Jorg. (= P. mollissima (Kunth) L.H.Bailey Banana poka, Bananadilla 1b
Passiflora suberosa L. Devil’s pumpkin, Indigo berry 1b Passiflora suberosa
Passiflora subpeltata Ortega Granadina 1b Passiflora subpeltata
Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. (= Paulownia imperialis Siebold & Zucc.) Empress tree, Princess tree, Royal Paulownia 1a
Peniocereus serpentinus (Lag. & Rodr.)N.P.Taylor Serpent cactus, Snake cactus 1b
Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. Kikuyu grass a) 1b in Protected Areas and wetlands in which it does not already occur.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach. Elephant grass, Napier grass 2
Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov. Fountain grass a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed Pennisetum setaceum
Pennisetum villosum R.Br. ex Fresen. Feathertop 1b Pennisetum villosum
Pereskia aculeata Mill. Pereskia/Barbados gooseberry 1b Pereskia aculeata
Persicaria capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross (= Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Knotweed 1b
Phytolacca americana L. (= P. decandra L.) American pokeweed 1b
Phytolacca dioica L. Belhambra 3 Phytolacca dioica Phytolacca dioica
Phytolacca octandra L. Forest inkberry 1b
Pinus canariensis C.Sm. Canary pine 3 Pinus canariensis Pinus canariensis
Pinus elliotti Engelm. and hybrids, varieties and selections Slash pine a) 2 for sterile specimens.b) 1b for non-sterile specimens. (Exempted for an existing plantation of sterile specimens.) Pinus elliotti Pinus elliotti
Pinus halepensis Mill. Aleppo pine a) 3 in Eastern Cape, Free State and Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere. Pinus halepensisPinus-halepensis-leavesPinus-halepensis-leaves-needles
Pinus patula Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham. and hybrids, varieties and selections Patula pine 2 (Exempted for an existing plantation.) Pinus patula
Pinus pinaster Aiton and hybrids, varieties and selections Cluster pine a) 2 for plantations and wind-rows.b) 1b elsewhere.

c) National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999, (Act No. 25 of 1999), are not listed.

d) Except for “a” above, specimens with a circumference greater han 1.256 m at a height of 1000 mm at the date of publication of this Notice are not listed for urban areas in Cape Town, the Overberg District Council and Winelands District Council, except when in riparian areas or in a protected area or any property directly abutting a protected area, where they remain listed as Category 1b. (Exempted for an existing plantation outside of the Western Cape. / Existing plantations in the Western Cape are exempted from undertaking a risk assessment in terms of section 71(2) of the Act prior to applying for a permit.)

Pinus pinaster Pinus pinaster
Pinus radiata D.Don and hybrids, Radiata pine, Monterey pine a) 2 for plantations and wind-rows.b) 1b elsewhere.

c) National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act No. 25 of 1999), are not listed.

d) Except for “a” above, specimens with a circumference greater than 1.256 m at a height of 1000 mm at the date of publication of this Notice are not listed for urban areas in Cape Town, the Overberg District Council and Winelands District Council, except when in riparian areas or in a protected area or any property directly abutting a protected area, where they remain listed as Category 1b. (Exempted for an existing plantation outside of the Western Cape. / Existing plantations in the Western Cape are exempted from undertaking a risk assessment in terms of section 71(2) of the Act prior to applying for a permit.)

Pinus radiata Pinus radiata
Pinus roxburghii Sarg. and hybrids, varieties and selections (= P. longifolia Roxb. ex Lamb.) Chir pine, Longifolia pine 2 (Exempted for an existing plantation.) Pinus roxburghii
Pinus taeda L. and hybrids, varieties and selections Loblolly pine 2 (Exempted for an existing plantation.) Pinus taeda Pinus taeda
Pistia stratiotes L. Water lettuce 1b Pistia stratiotes
Pittosporum crassifolium Banks & Sol. ex A.Cunn. Karo, Stiff-leaved cheesewood 3
Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Australian cheesewood, Sweet pittosporum 1b Pittosporum undulatum
Plectranthus barbatus var. grandis (= P. comosus Sims) Abyssinian’ coleus,
Wooly plectranthus
1b Plectranthus comosus
Poa pratensis L. Kentucky bluegrass a) 1a Prince Edward Island.b) 1b Marion Island.

c) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.

Polypodium aureum (L.) J.Sm. Rabbits-foot fern a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Pontederia cordata L. Pickerel weed 1b Pontederia cordata
Populus alba L. White popular 2 Populus alba Populus alba
Populus ¥ canescens (Aiton) Sm. Grey poplar, Matchwood poplar 2 Populus x canescens Populus x canescens
Prosopis glandulosa Torr. var. torreyana (L.D. Benson) M.C. Johnst. and hybrids Honey mesquite a) 1b in Eastern Cape, Free State, North-West and Western Capeb) 3 in Northern Cape.

c) The utilisation of the pods for fodder is not listed in the Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State, North-West and Western Cape.

d) Not listed elsewhere.

Prosopis glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa
Prosopis velutina Wooton and hybrids Velvet mesquite a) 1b in Eastern Cape, Free State, North-West and Western Capeb) 3 in Northern Cape.

c) The utilisation of the pods for fodder is not listed in the Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State, North-West and Western Cape.

d) Not listed elsewhere.

Proposis velutina
Prunus serotina Ehrh. Black cherry 1b
Psidium cattleianum Sabine (= P. littorale Raddi var. longipes (O.Berg.) Fosberg Strawberry guava 1b Psidium cattleianum Psidium cattleianum
Psidium guajava L. Guava a) 2 for plantations in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West.b) 3 elsewhere in Eastern Cape, Kwazulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North-West.

c) The fruit of the guava is not listed if used for human consumption.

d) Not listed elsewhere.

Psidium guajava Psidium guajava
Psidium guineense Sw. Brazilian guava 1b Psidium guineense
Psidium x durbanensis Baijnath ined. Durban guava 1b Psidium x durbanensis
Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S.M.Almeida (= P. lobata (Willd.) Ohwi) Kudzu vine 1a Pueraria lobata
Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) C.K.Schneid. Yellow firethorn a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Pyrancantha angustifoliaPyracantha-angustifolia-berries
Pyracantha coccinea M.Roem. Red firethorn a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed
Pyracantha-coccinea-full-fruit

 

Pyracantha crenatoserrata (Hance) Rehder (= P. fortuneana misapplied) Chinese firethorn, Broad leaf firethorn a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Pyracantha crenulata (D.Don) M.Roem; including var. rogersiana (= P. rogersiana (A.B.Jacks.) Chitt.) Himalayan firethorn a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed. Pyrancantha crenulataPyracantha-crenulata-Korannaberg
Pyracantha koidzumii (Hayata) Rehder Formosa firethorn a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Rhus glabra L. Scarlet sumach, Vinegar bush 3
Ricinus communis L. Castor – oil planttoxic invasive plants south africa 2 Ricinus communis Ricinus communis
Rivina humilis L. Rivina, Bloodberry 1b Rivina humilis
Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black locust 1b Robinia pseudoacacia Robinia pseudoacacia
Rosa rubiginosa L. (= R. eglanteria L.) Eglantine, Sweetbriar 1b Rosa rubiginosaRosa-rubiginosa-fruits
Rubus cuneifolius Pursh and hybrid R. x proteus C.H.Stirt. Asian wild raspberry, Yellow Himalayan raspberry, Bramble 1a Rubus cuneifolius
Rubus fruticosus L. agg. European blackberry a) 2b) The fruit of the European blackberry is not listed if used for human consumption. Rubus fruticosus
Rubus fruticosus L. agg. European blackberry a) 2b) The fruit of the European blackberry is not listed if used for human consumption.
Rubus fruticosus L. agg. European blackberry a) 2b) The fruit of the European blackberry is not listed if used for human consumption.
Rubus immixtus Gust. Hogsback raspberry 1b
Rubus niveus Thunb. Ceylon raspberry, Mysore raspberry 1b
Rumex acetosella L. Sheep sorrel, Red sorrel a) 1a Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Rumex usambarensis (Dammer) Dammer (= R. nervosus Vahl var. usambarensis Dammer) East African dock 1b
Sagina procumbens L. Birdeye pearlwort a) 1b Prince Edward and Marion Islands.b) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.
Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J.G.Sm. Delta arrowhead, Slender arrowhead 1a
Salsola kali L. Tumbleweed 1b
Salsola tragus L. (= S. australis R.Br.) Russian tumbleweed 1b
Salvia tiliifolia Vahl Lindenleaf sage 1b Salvia tilifolia
Salvia tilifolia
Salvia tilifolia
Salvinia minima Baker Small salvinia 1b
Salvinia molesta D.S.Mitch. and other species of the Family Salviniaceae Kariba weed, Salvinia 1b Salvinia molesta
Sambucus canadensis L. (= S. nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli Canadian elder 1b
Sambucus nigra L. European elder 1b
Sasa ramosa (Makino) Makino & Shibata (= Arundinaria vagans Gamble) Dwarf yellow-striped bamboo 3
Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Harms Australian cabbage tree, Queensland umbrella tree a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Schefflera arboricola (Hayata) Merr. Dwarf umbrella tree a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Schefflera elegantissima (hort. Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry & Frodin (= Dizygotheca elegantissima (hort. Veitch ex Mast.) R.Vig. & Guillaumin False aralia a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Brazilian pepper tree a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape. Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius
Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. = Cassia bicapsularis L.) Rambling cassia 1b Senna_Cassia_bicapsularis
Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia didymobotrya Fresen.) Peanut butter cassia a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Western Cape.b) Not listed elsewhere. Senna_Cassia_didymobotrya
Senna hirsuta (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia hirsuta L.) Hairy senna, Woolly senna 1b
Senna occidentalis (L.) Link (= Cassia occidentalis L.) Stinking weed, Wild coffee 1b
Senna pendula (Willd.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby var. glabrata (Vogel) H.S.Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia coluteoides Collad.) Climbing cassia, Easter cassia 1b Senna_Cassia_pendula
Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby (= Cassia floribunda sensu Brenan, C. laevigata Willd.) Arsenic bush, Smooth senna 1b
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. Red sesbania 1b Sesbania punicea
Solanum betaceum Cav. (= Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn.) Tree tomato 1a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) The fruit of the tree tomato is not listed if used for human consumption, in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

Solanum chrysotrichum Schltdl. (S. hispidum misapplied in South Africa) Giant devil’s fig 1b
Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. Silver-leaf bitter apple 1b Solanum elaeagnifolium
Solanum mauritianum Scop. Bugweed 1b Solanum mauritianum Solanum mauritianum
Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Jerusalem cherry 1b Solanum-pseudocapsicum
Solanum seaforthianum Andrews Potato creeper 1b Solanum seaforthianum
Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam. Wild tomato,Dense –
thorned bitter apple
1b Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum sisymbriifolium
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Johnson grass, Aleppo grass 2 Sorghum halepense
Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Smooth cordgrass, Salt-water cordgrass 1a
Spartium junceum L. Spanish broom a) 1b in Eastern Cape and Western Cape.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga. North-West and Northern Cape. Spartium junceum
Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv. African flame tree a) 3 in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) Not listed elsewhere.
Spathodea-campanulata-flowers Spathodea-campanulata-tree-in-flower

 

Sphagneticola trilobata (L.) Pruski (= Thelechitonia trilobata (L.) H.Rob. & Cuatrec., Wedelia trilobata (L.) Hitchc.) Singapore daisy a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 3 in Free State, Gauteng, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape. Thelechitonia_Sphagneticola_trilobata
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl (= S. urticifolia Sims) Blue snakeweed, Cayenne snakeweed 3
Stachytarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl Pink snakeweed 3
Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Common chickweed a) 1a Prince Edward Island.b) 1b Marion Island.

c) Not listed on mainland or other off-shore islands.

Syngonium podophyllum Schott Goose foot, Arrow- head vine a) 1b in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga.b) 2 for breeding in nurseries in in Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, but may not be transferred within these Provincial boundaries.

c) Not listed elsewhere.

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Jambolan a) 1bb) The fruit of the jambolan is not listed if used for human consumption. Syzygium cumini Syzygium cumini
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston Rose apple 3 Syzygium jambos Syzygium jambos
Tamarix aphylla (L.) H.Karst. Not to be confused with indigenous Tamarix usneoides E.Mey. ex Bunge Athel tree, Desert tamarisk 1b
Tamarix chinensis Lour. Not to be confused with indigenous Tamarix usneoides E.Mey. ex Bunge Chinese tamarisk 1b Tamarix chinensis
Tamarix gallica L. Not to be confused with indigenous Tamarix usneoides E.Mey. ex Bunge French tamarisk 1b
Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. Not to be confused with indigenous Tamarix usneoides E.Mey. ex Bunge Pink tamarisk 1b Tamarix ramosissima
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Yellow bells 1b Tecoma stans
Tephrocactus articulatus (Pfeiff.) Backeb. Pine cone cactus, Paper-Spine Cholla 1a
Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum. (= T. neriifolia Juss. ex Steud.) Yellow oleander 1b Thevetia_peruviana
Tipuana tipu (Benth.) Kuntze (= T. speciosa Benth.) Tipu tree 3 Tipuana tipu Tipuana tipu
Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A.Gray Mexican sunflower 1b Tithonia diversifolia
Tithonia rotundifolia (Mill.) S.F.Blake Red sunflower 1b Tithonia rotundifolia
Toona ciliata M.Roem. (= Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Willd.) Toon tree 3 Toona ciliata
Toxicodendron succedaneum (L.) Kuntze (= Rhus succedanea L.) Wax tree 1b
Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. Wandering Jew 1b
Tradescantia zebrina hort. ex Bosse (= Zebrina pendula Schnizl.) Wandering Jew 1b
Triplaris americana L. Ant tree, Triplaris 1a Triplaris americana
Tropaeolum speciosum Poepp. & Endl. Chilean flame creeper, Flame nasturtium 3
Ulex europaeus L. European gorse 1a Ulex europaeus
Verbena-aristigera Wild verbena ??
Verbena-aristigera-flowers

 

Verbena bonariensis L. Wild verbena, Tall verbena, Purple top 1b Verbena-bonariensis
Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Brazilian verbena 1b
Verbena rigida Spreng. (= V. venosa Gillies & Hook.) Veined verbena 1b
Vinca major L. Greater periwinkle a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Vinca minor L. Lesser periwinkle a) 1bb) Sterile cultivars or hybrids are not listed.
Vitex trifolia L. Indian three-leaf vitex 1b
Wigandia urens (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth var. caracasana (Kunth) D.N.Gibson (= W. caracasana Kunth) Wigandia 3
Xanthium spinosum L. Spiny cocklebur 1b Xanthium spinosum
Xanthium strumarium L. Large cocklebur 1b Xanthium strumarium Xanthium strumarium

 

Source: Alien Invasive Plants List For South Africa