Towards Sustainability: Water Quality Management Policies


In the face of a developing economy, Government has recognised the need for a renewed approach towards Water Quality Management as critical if water is to be managed sustainably. A policy, strategy and implementation actions is developed that is pragmatic, implementable and appropriate to the future institutional and governance landscape.

Here a spotlight on only the four high-level principles published, being decision making, sustainable development, stakeholder engagement and management and governance.

Decision Making

All the relevant principles are considered, in line with current legisaltion.

Decision makers must –

  • practice due diligence but giving adequate consideration to each relevant principle
  • consider relevant principles in a balanced manner with a relative importance afforded to each, appropriate in the context
  • practice consistency and objectivtiy

Sustainable Development

An appropriate quantity and quality of water is reserved for the healthy functioning of aquatic ecosystems.

The current generation has a moral responsibility to protect the healthy functioning of ecosystems by –

Preventing pollution, both by preventing degradation of water resources and in particular water quality in the first place, and preventing further degradation of that which is negatively impacted.

Reducing waste, including recycling, waste treatment, and use of cleaner technologies

Adopting the precautionary approach when a lack of scientific certainty exists to ensure conservative decisions minimise the risk

Using a differentiated approach to ensure that catchment specific conditions are taken into account

Recognising that implementing remediation in some catchments will require more than controlling currect active water use to maintain or improve water quality

Ensuring effective stakeholder engagement

Optimal Water Use

Including –

Value based pricing

Socio-economic enhancement

Virutal water use, including importing products from areas which are less water-stressed

Equity between generations, acknolwedging that future generations have the same basic rights to sufficient water and healthy ecosystems

Current equitable access which incudes consideration of strategic national priorities ranked –

The reserve

Honouring international agreements

Strategic uses (such as electricity generation)

Strategic future growth (in special circumstances)

Inter-basin transfers

 Environmental Integration  considers the physcial, chemical and biological components, and the processes within natural water resources


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